Few ingredients deliver as a lot speedy, show-stopping taste to a dish as fish sauce does. It’s sweet, salty, fishy, and enjoyableky all of sudden, a prismatic tsunami of flavor. But…what’s fish sauce? We have all had it at some point or one other whether or not we knew it or not—pad thai, anyone?—however that does not mean we know what’s in it.
Well…fish, actually. Fish sauce lives up to the name. It does, as advertised, derive most of its taste from fish, however you don’t just smack a fish round and out plops a bottle of fish sauce. The real taste comes from the process of fermenting fish for anyplace from a pair months to a couple years. Small fish like anchovies are coated in salt and packed in large barrels to hold out. The natural bacterias start to break down the fish, producing a briny, fishy, savory liquid. That, buddies, is fish sauce.
Fermentation has been used for thousands of years to develop flavor in anything from fish to meat to beans to vegetables. Many cultures use or have used a fermented fish sauce, from the Greeks to the Chinese, but we most commonly affiliate it with Southeast Asian cooking. It provides one of the driving flavors in dishes like larb, Vietnamese marinated meats, green papaya salad, and stir-fries, as well as pad thai.
We love the flavour of fish sauce for its umami, the earthy, savory taste discipline that makes things like mushrooms, roasted tomatoes, and soy sauce taste so complex and crave-able. There’s a distinct, pungent fishiness to the sauce, certain, but that flavor is flanked by a salty, briny, caramel-y sweetness. It’s an ingredient that offers you a little bit of everything when thrown into marinades, stir-fries, and salad dressings, and it’s just as helpful in non-Asian cooking too. A little fish sauce can increase salty, savory taste in sautéed greens, pastas, roast chicken, or broths. Generally speaking, we’re down to experiment with a dash of fish sauce every time we’d otherwise add salt. It’s aggressively flavorful although, so remember to add just a bit at a time and style as you go. A little goes a protracted way.
When it comes to purchasing fish sauce, there are hundreds of sorts on the market, and in the event you head to an Asian market you’ll be able to seek out more regionally-specific brands and variations.
Like most things, fish sauce takes a minute to get to know, and when you know what fish sauce is you’re ready to get that relationship going. Hang out with it. Invite it to dinner. Experiment with different proteins and vegetables. And crack a beer while you’re at it. Your fish sauce associateship is blossoming. What an attractive time to be alive.
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