Various programs from Indonesian presidents for Papua and West Papua began in 1999 after the New Order ended. The work programs of those presidents should be made notes in order that they could be a lesson in resolving the polemic in Papua and West Papua, which continues to this day.
Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was the 4th President of Indonesia. Wahid played an essential function in altering the Western New Guinea name of Irian Jaya (which was coined by President Suharto) to Papua in 2002.
Wahid allowed the raising of the Morning Star flag, but the flag position must be in a lower position than the Indonesian flag. His choice drew sharp criticism from many political figures in Indonesia. The Indonesian Legal Aid Basis said that Wahid considered the Morning Star flag only as banners quite than symbols of certain groups.
Wahid provided room for teams opposing the existence of Indonesia to be able to hold dialogues securely.
Wahid’s agenda at the moment was to satisfy varied parts of society in Papua and watched the primary sunrise of the second millennium on January 1, 2000.
Because of his considerations regarding West Papua, Abdurrahman became the first Indonesian president who occupied a particular place inside West Papuans’ heart.
Abdurrahman Wahid’s contribution for West Papua:
Modified the name Irian Jaya to Papua
Facilitated the Second Congress of the People of West Papua attended by 5,000 West Papuans
Megawati, The First Feminine President Who Brings Prosperity
Megawati is the fifth president of Indonesia and also the daughter of the first president, Sukarno. To encourage the development in West Papua, Megawati initiated varied plans for the construction of roads, bridges, and other infrastructure.
Every submit-New Order presidential work program displays President Sukarno’s vision of West Papua. The prosperity and security of West Papuans is the government’s top priority and is following the 5th precepts of Pancasila, namely “Social justice for all Indonesians”. “All Indonesians” means every single citizen from Sabang to Merauke, from Aceh to West Papua.
Megawati Sukarnoputri’s contribution for West Papua:
Passed the Special Autonomy Law for West Papua (Law №21/2001)
Issued a coverage that leaders of presidency positions in West Papua must be native West Papuans
Started the granting of annual particular autonomy funds, at present reaching IDR 8.36 trillion (2019)
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, A Hope for West Papuan Workers
Throughout his time as president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) carried out three strategic programs. He revised Law 21/2001 on Special Autonomy for West Papua to Special Autonomy Plus. He made a battle resolution plan and meant to continue a full and intensive development in West Papua.
During the ten years of Yudhoyono’s presidency, he was not yet happy with West Papua’s growth. He hoped that the subsequent president would continue to concentrate on rising public confidence within the West Papuan grassroots, strengthening security within the Central Mountains, and the formation of a Jakarta-Papua dialogue for restoring the political conditions in West Papua.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s contribution for West Papua:
Required all companies in West Papua to have 70% West Papuans workers
Opened communication with five main West Papuan tribes
Established Merauke Integrated Meals and Energy Estate (MIFEE)
Right now’s Period: Revolutionizing Infrastructure and Human Resources
Joko Widodo’s administration prioritizes infrastructure and human resource development as a broad framework for battle resolutions in West Papua. Widodo carried out the One Fuel Value policy. He considered that a single fuel price is a form of social justice for West Papuans. In his first term of presidency, he constructed the Palapa Ring Telecommunication Network. Joko needs all regions West Papua to enjoy fast internet in 2020.
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